Introduction of Anxiety
On an average, over 30 percent of U.S. adults have an anxiety disorder at some points in their lives, and it’s effortless to feel alone when you live with Anxiety. To tackle a problem, the best way is to get to the root of the problem, and Anxiety is all the same. Anxiety is nothing but a heightened stress response; people with Anxiety react to triggers many people would not to. It could be a thing just as small as picking up a call and even getting up for an event. Anxiety comes from one’s low self-esteem, people who especially doubt their abilities or are rather very nervous about making some decisions by themselves. Although it would be wrong to say that only one’s lack of self-esteem is the only cause of Anxiety, sometimes it could be one’s fear that could trigger reactions and cause Anxiety to kick in for example for a claustrophobic person it’s very easy to get his/her triggers for Anxiety to get activated when he/she gets stuck in an elevator.
What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is often a healthy emotion, but when a person feels a misappropriate level of Anxiety daily, then it becomes a mental disorder.
Anxiety is a feeling and emotion. Feeling of tension, loneliness, frustration, irritation, anger comes under the Anxiety.
What are the symptoms of Anxiety?
- Feeling nervous
- Having a sense of impending danger
- increased heart rate
- Breathing rapidly
- Feeling weak
- Trouble concentrating
- Having trouble sleeping
- Experiencing gastrointestinal problems
- Having difficulty controlling
- Having the urge to avoid things
- Sleep problems
- Not able to stay calm and still
- Cold and tingling hands or feet
- Shortness of breath
- Heart palpitations
- Dry mouth
- Tense muscles
What are the Causes of Anxiety?
After several researches, it is hard to find any specific reason for anxiety disorder. It mainly cause due to some chemical changes in the brain, external environment stress, etc.
Some cause of Anxiety are-:
- Stress at work
- Stress from school
- Stress in a personal relationship
- Financial stress
- Pressure from an emotional trauma
- Stress from a serious medical illness
- Side effect of medication
- Use of an illicit drug
- Symptom of a medical disease like heart attack, heatstroke, and hypoglycemia.
- Lack of oxygen in circumstances
- high altitude sickness
- pulmonary embolism
- blood clot in the lung
- Generalized anxiety disorder
- Phobic disorders
- Stress disorders
- Heart disease
- Thyroid problems, such as hyperthyroidism.
- Respiratory disorders
- Drug misuse or withdrawal
- Withdrawal from alcohol
- anti-anxiety medications or other medications
- Chronic pain
- irritable bowel syndrome
- Rare tumors that produce certain fight-or-flight hormones
What are the risk factors of Anxiety?
There are many factors which increase the chance of Anxiety. These factors are-:
- Stress due to an illness
- Stress buildup
- Other mental health disorders
- Having blood relatives with an anxiety disorder.
- Drugs or alcohol
What are the complications in Anxiety?
Having Anxiety can make your mental and physical condition worse. The complication in Anxiety are-:
- other mental health disorders
- Substance misuse
- Trouble sleeping
- Digestive problems
- chronic pain
- Social isolation
- Problems functioning at school or work
- Poor quality of life
How can you prevent Anxiety?
If you or anyone else is suffering from Anxiety, then you need to get in touch with a mental health specialist.
Although there is no specific or particular treatment for Anxiety, but there are some points or tips which will help you to decrease the symptoms of Anxiety.
The points of prevention are-:
- Take care of your body- Try to eat a balanced diet include multivitamins, proteins, carbohydrate, etc.
- Limit the amount of alcohol, caffeine, and other sugar consumption you take- Don’t cross the limit of any alcoholic substance.
- Take time out for yourself every day- Every twenty to thirty minutes of activity which give you pleasure helps in decreasing the Anxiety.
- Trim a hectic schedule- Try to eliminate all the unnecessary tasks from your daily routine and try to do something productive.
- Keep an anxiety journal- Try to keep the record of the activity, which causes more Anxiety or less Anxiety.
- Interrupt hyperventilation- It helps in removing the dizziness.
What are the types of Anxiety?
Generally, there are five types of Anxiety.
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)- It is caused by over-thinking about every day.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)- It causes repeated and unwanted thoughts, which creates hindrance in day to day life.
- Panic Disorder- It comes under panic attack. Under this, you feel difficulty in breathing, and you will think that you are going to die.
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)- The main reason for post-traumatic stress disorder is that you face something shocking, which severely affect your world.
- Social Anxiety Disorder- It is also known as social phobia. In this, a person is unable to come out of his house in the fear that others will judge him, and a person will try to avoid social gatherings and meetings.